What is a Lesson Plan?
What is a lesson plan? This seems to confound new teachers. A lesson plan is a written document of what you plan to teach.
How Do I Write a Lesson Plan?
There is no industry standard for a lesson plan. Most include some form of an objective, procedures, and assessment. Other possible parts of a lesson plan are equipment needs, introduction, warm up, conclusion, standards....(see sample lesson plan)
Some schools want everyone to follow a template. Others do not. Some schools review lesson plans weekly. Others do not. Some schools post lesson plans online. Others do not. The only constant is that a lesson is done prior to teaching a lesson.
Be prepared with a week’s worth of lesson plans. Keep a set of emergency lesson plans available as well.
Writing a lesson plan gets easier over time but it still takes time. It may feel like work overload at times but it has to be done.
Reflect after you teach a lesson. Note what was and was not effective, and any new ideas you may have for the next time you teach that lesson plan.
Sample Lesson Plan
(Note: This is a basic lesson plan template. Some situations may require more or less information to be included in a lesson plan.)
Activity: Kickball Game
- To practice kicking a moving ball. (A more formal written objective is "Students will successfully kick a moving ball 80% of the time". An essential question format may read "What do I need to do to successfully kick a moving ball?)
- To practice base running.
- To practice fielding, catching and throwing a playground ball.
- To understand the rules and procedures of a kickball game.
- To work cooperatively with peers.
NJ Comprehensive Health and Physical Education Standards 2.5 and 2.6.
- Take attendance.
- Introduction: This part could include the history of Kickball, a poll question (such as "How many people have played kickball?", fun facts/trivia about kickball, and/or current events related to the activity.
- Warm up: Add details of what you will do here. This should include a cardiovascular component that may or may not be related to the activity.
- Explain the game. Add details about the rules and procedures of the activity. Be concise.
- Divide the class into two teams. Designate which team will kick first and which team will be in the outfield.
- Begin the activity. Monitor and provide feedback, as needed.
- Cool down. List exercises and/or stretches.
- Conclusion. Examples: Review the rules. Highlight some of the strategies of the game. Preview the next skill or activity to be taught.
Assessment: Student Participation, Student Preparation, Observation.
- One playground ball (outdoor play) or large foam ball (indoor play.)
- Three rubber bases.
- One rubber home plate.