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What is a Lesson Plan?

What is a lesson plan? This seems to confound new teachers. A lesson plan is a written document of what you plan to teach.

How Do I Write a Lesson Plan?

There is no industry standard for a lesson plan. Most include some form of an objective, procedures, and assessment. Other possible parts of a lesson plan are equipment needs, introduction, warm up, conclusion, standards....(see sample lesson plan)

Some schools want everyone to follow a template. Others do not. Some schools review lesson plans weekly. Others do not. Some schools post lesson plans online. Others do not. The only constant is that a lesson is done prior to teaching a lesson.

Be prepared with a week’s worth of lesson plans. Keep a set of emergency lesson plans available as well.

Writing a lesson plan gets easier over time but it still takes time. It may feel like work overload at times but it has to be done.

Reflect after you teach a lesson. Note what was and was not effective, and any new ideas you may have for the next time you teach that lesson plan.

Sample Lesson Plan

(Note:  This is a basic lesson plan template.  Some situations may require more or less information to be included in a lesson plan.)  

Activity: Kickball Game


  1. To practice kicking a moving ball. (A more formal written objective is "Students will successfully kick a moving ball 80% of the time". An essential question format may read "What do I need to do to successfully kick a moving ball?) 
  2. To practice base running.
  3. To practice fielding, catching and throwing a playground ball.
  4. To understand the rules and procedures of a kickball game.
  5. To work cooperatively with peers.

NJ Comprehensive Health and Physical Education Standards 2.5 and 2.6.


  1. Take attendance.
  2. Introduction: This part could include the history of Kickball, a poll question (such as "How many people have played kickball?", fun facts/trivia about kickball, and/or current events related to the activity. 
  3. Warm up: Add details of what you will do here.  This should include a cardiovascular component that may or may not be related to the activity.
  4. Explain the game.  Add details about the rules and procedures of the activity.  Be concise. 
  5. Divide the class into two teams. Designate which team will kick first and which team will be in the outfield.
  6. Begin the activity.  Monitor and provide feedback, as needed.
  7. Cool down.  List exercises and/or stretches.
  8. Conclusion.  Examples:  Review the rules. Highlight some of the strategies of the game.  Preview the next skill or activity to be taught.

Assessment: Student Participation, Student Preparation, Observation. 

Equipment Needs: 

  1. One playground ball (outdoor play) or large foam ball (indoor play.)
  2. Three rubber bases.
  3. One rubber home plate.